Western Civilisation was and is superior to anything Islam has developed. Islam has not aided in the development of the modern world; in fact civilisation has only been created in spite of Islam. Raising the alarm about the fascism called Submission since 2000.
In the late 6th century the Christian Byzantines, one of the wealthiest empires in history, saved a pretender to the Persian-Parthian throne named Chosroes II. Later, the Byzantine Emperor Maurice, who had aided Chosroes to seize power; was murdered by a drunken psychopath, and poor general, named Phocas. The temptation for the Parthian-Persians was too much. Here was a legitimate call to war – to aid the aggrieved Byzantine population against the tyrant who murdered the just Emperor and a former friend and ally. Of course it would also fill the treasuries of the Persians with booty, plunder, more land, and the subjugation of Byzantine....
Warren H. Carroll in his great book, 'The Building of Christendom', surely an opus on the subject, describes what happens:
“In the spring of 611 he [Chosroes] launched the greatest of all the Persian invasions of Roman territory in the Christian era. It engulfed Endessa, Antioch, and all of Syria, swept into Asia Minor, ran through Cappadocia. A weak counterattack by Heraclius in 613 accomplished little or nothing.....[Parthians] overwhelmed Damascus and Galilee and came rolling up to the hills of Jerusalem about Easter 614.”
When Phocas the drunken tyrant had murdered the legitimate emperor Maurice, he dispatched the entire Byzantine treasure into the watery depths of the Bosporus, knowing and fearing that retribution would be his reward. It was. He was justly murdered. Heraclius, one of the greatest emperors, took over. But he was handcuffed. When the Persians invaded with their largest force in history he was already reduced to a poorly trained militia, a small permanent army, and puerile generals. He would eventually defeat the Parthians, but only by rebuilding his army, and leading it himself.
In 614 however, the Christian empire was broken, in economic decline and entirely bankrupt. The distraught Byzantine economy, riven by 100 years of war with the Slavs, Bulgars and Parthians, could not recover. This lack of wealth mirrored its lack of military prowess. Phocas' misgovernment, inveterate high taxation, corruption and the incessant religious divides about the true nature of Christ, had made Byzantium impotent. Heraclius was in grave difficulty.
As Carroll relates, post Easter 614, within 30 days, the Persians took Jerusalem by undermining its walls, greatly aided by the Jews [I do not personally support any form of anti-Semiticism]. They wiped out 300 churches, and monasteries including the Church of the Resurrection of the Calvary, sold off 40.000 into slavery including sex-slavery, and gave the city back to the Jews, a payment in return for Jewish aid in reducing the fortress.
The only person who saved Jerusalem from total Persian annihilation was the Christian queen of Persia, Queen Shirin. She interdicted her power, and held up the eradication. It was she who arrested the blood, the rape, the destruction, the wanton obliteration of all things Christian. This will never appear in a Hollywood movie. Even so, the city was lost, and its main effect was to allow the Persians an easy access into Egypt, the granary of the Byzantine empire, which they easily reduced within 2 years. Byzantium was now broke and hungry.
By 615 the Christian Byzantine state was a rump of its former self. Exhausted by war, Persian Jihad, civil disputes, unrest, theological discord, and military unpreparedness, it was ripe for the picking when Islam came calling in 636 AD, in Syria, along the Yarmuk river. Thus is the untold story of how Submission destroyed Eastern Christendom. It won't appear on your evening's MSM grievance coverage of the week. Moslems and Persians [who became Moslem after a ridiculously bad military defense against the Arabs from 635-670]; are the victims; Christians are always the oppressors.
Without James Clerk Maxwell [1831-1879], Einstein cannot develop his theorems. Without Edward Morley [1838-1923]; the speed of light would not have been known in time for Einstein and others to postulate physical relativity, energy and mass. Without these 2 Christian scientists – among a host of others which could be named – the modern world of machines, motion, electricity and communications would not exist.
Morley precedes Einstein [link]:
Maxwell, a practicing Christian and role model non-pareil, was quite likely the most influential scientist since Newton. Without Maxwell, there is no Einstein.
“Dr. Richard Feynman, Nobel laureate and influential 20th-century modern physicist, paid his respects this way: 'From a long view of the history of mankind–seen from, say, ten thousand years from now– there can be little doubt that the most significant event of the 19th century will be judged as Maxwell’s discovery of the laws of electrodynamics.' Electricity and magnetism, mere curiosities when explored by Faraday and explained by Maxwell, turned out to generate more economic wealth than the entire British stock exchange. Our modern world is inconceivable without the experimental and theoretical foundation laid by these two great Christians and scientists who harnessed mysterious laws of nature for human benefit. [link]
There is no conflict between faith and scientist, or between real faith and reason. Unlike Christianity Islam does not enshrine reason - it is a cult of death and obedience. There never has been, and never could be a Moslem Morley, Maxwell, Faraday or Einstein. Islam preaches the opposite of rational investigation. It demands undying obeisance to Muhammad and his handbook of hate, Mein Koran.
Culture is King. Culture trumps all. Change your culture and everything in society will be affected and re-arranged. All aspects of living, from mores and entertainment, to buildings and beliefs are built upon the foundation of culture. What most Westerners do not comprehend about the cult named Submission, is that it is a totalitarian-all encompassing-complete system of cultural control and regulation. Muhammadism's culture is anti-Western.
In Western Medieval history, it was always the secular state trying to suborn, buy, bribe, or militarily annex or support religion for its own purposes. Over time a clear division appeared between the matters of faith; and those of the material world. This division does not exist within Muhammadism which is a complete system of totalitarian control. Sharia or Muhammadan law is the secular as well as the religious law within Islam. The intermingling of religion with politics is one of the signal features of all Moslem societies throughout history. There is no division between the religious and the material. All is premised on Mein Koran.
7th century Arabia:
Muhammadism is the deification of 7th century Arabian life. This is what Islam truly offers the world. Muhammad, the warrior, rapist, murderer, pedophile, Jihadist, racist and supremacist is mankind's perfect example. 7th century Arabian costumes, habits, beliefs, rituals, myths, uncivilized society, and penury is the general operating principle and paradigm for all of mankind, forever.
Arab culture uber alles:
Mein Koran is a product of millennia of Arab beliefs, poetry, legends, mistranslations from other cultures and Near Eastern beliefs. It is however, rendered in Arabic, for an Arab audience, with Arab attitudes and prejudices. Mein Koran is intended to be a handbook of Arab imperialism and control. Mecca after all, becomes the center of the earth, a place you must pilgrimage to, and a place where all trade and money had to pass through.
Arberry an Englishman, produced what is arguably the best translation of the Koran; and he wrote in 'Religion in the Middle East' that: 'Islam is a peculiarly Arabian religion'. He terms Muhammadism as a fundamentalism, an uncompromising and violent belief system. One cannot understand Mein Islam, or Mein Koran, if you don't understand Arabian 7th century and indeed pre-7th century Arabian culture, since so much of Muhammadism is simply the enshrining and deification of what had gone on in Arabia for hundreds, if not thousands of years.
7th century Arab laws:
Mein Koran is littered with arcane, ridiculous and laughable 7th century Arabian laws. The political and contractual laws which existed in Muhammad's time are now deified and elevated as commandments from the moon deity; that must be obeyed. One obvious example is that in 7th century Arabia the local sheik was dictator. His 'laws' ruled. So it is with Mein Koran. The sheik is Muhammad; his handbook the only set of legal stricture one can follow. Concepts around pluralism, representation, free speech, free – will, independent thinking, individual initiative, and even rationality, do not exist in Mein Koran or Mein Submission.
In 7th century impecunious and illiterate Arabia, civil rights as an abstraction and set of laws or precedents did not of course exist. There is thus no freedom of assembly, no freedom of speech, no freedom of association, nor any freedom of the press. Muhammad famously murdered poets who mocked him. No protest is allowed within Mein Muhammadism. You simply take Sharia Law and Muhammad's diktat, and you obey it. Or else.
Women have no rights within Islam. The bedsheets are a clear indication of their chattel status – slaves of men, property of men, owned by men. In 7th century Bedouin Arabia women had no rights. Polygamy, beatings, violence, misogyny dominated that culture, and still dominates the culture of Islam today. Some 10.000 girls are daughtered-slaughtered by Moslems, each year around the world, for disobeying some aspect of patriarchal rule and Mein Koran.
Mein Koran is clear that Arab Moslems are the ubermench, the Nazified elite of the world. They rule, the rest must submit. Muhammad ranked his earliest supporters, his family and their bloodlines as the best in the Moslem world. Mein Koran makes it quite clear that Moslems have a duty to kill, dominate, oppress, and eradicate the untermensch of the world who reject Allah [or Muhammad]. Blacks are ridiculed in Mein Koran as unworthy of salvation, destined for hell. Moslems slave-traded some 10-15 million Whites, killed 50-150 million Brown Indians, and enslaved over 20 million Blacks. The Jihad is timeless. No golden rule here.
Culture is the key to understanding the Meccan moon cult of the Lord or Baal, the chief deity or ilah of Mecca, and one whose shrine was protected by Muhammad's family. Those who do not understand that Muhammadism is a cultural imperialism, are doomed to nescience, faineance and worse, about the real aims of Submission.
Elijah Muhammad was the progenitor of the Black-Moslem movement in the USA which now enslaves some 5 million ignorant and mendacious American Blacks. He is the most famous American Moslem in history, his famous apostate contemporary Malcolm X who left what he termed the ignorance and violence of Islam and who was murdered by Moslems, notwithstanding. Elijah Muhammad is the seed of Islam in America. He is the 'Father' and ancestor to the current racist Louis Farrakhan and his supremacist Moslem 'Nation of Islam'. He is the source of much destruction now going on in America.
Born Elijah Poole in 1897 to a Baptist preacher and like so many before him [Darwin, Flew, Malcolm X] who were born to clergy or into a church hierarchy, Poole would spend his entire life trying to demolish the Christian faith. This phenomenon would be worthy of psychological study and understanding. In the early 1930s, during the beginning of economic, civil and civic dislocation, Poole came under the influence of a colorful Black 'religious' teacher, or Moslem, named W.D. Fard.
Farce might have been a better surname. No one knew a thing about Fard, except he fashioned himself in exotic African clothing, and claimed to be a brother from the 'East'. He imbued in his followers a vanity of Black pride; an African first orientation; and a sordid if complete rejection of the White Man's world. Sermons denounced Christianity as part of the White Man's yoke on Black freedom. He urged his devotees to adopt Moslem names such as Ali, Muhammad or Abdul [which ironically means slave]. He sold his followers the Arab-Moslem attire he declaimed they had to wear, in order to differentiate themselves from Whitey.
Fard was a Moslem, a supremacist, and of course a racist.
Poole converted to Islam in the early 1930s. He adopted the Arab name of Karriem. Seeking to eviscerate Christianity, Karriem used the material supplied by the quite weird sect named the Jehovah's Witnesses [who believe like Stephen Hawking, in aliens, the JH are also termed 'scientists']. The JH cult denied the Trinity and spent lavish amounts of rhetoric as to why. Poole enjoyed such rabid and quite nonsensical, a-historical and counter-factual innuendo. It is curious but not surprising that a Moslem would use JH to denounce Christianity. Desperate fiends do make alliances.
Fard and Poole convinced many Blacks, that Christianity was the White Man's religion and that Islam was the Black Man's. Muhammad was of course white, and the Moslems the greatest slave traders of Blacks in history. Islam is racist. Black faces are cursed according to the Koran and about 50 million Blacks have been slave traded or killed by the slave trade of Moslems. But reality and the real racism of Islam, meant nothing to Fard and Poole. Their real reason to embrace and promote the cult of Mecca, was to attack both Whites and Christianity, which they perceived wrongly and quite insanely, as a part of White enslavement of Blacks.
Fard the racist, and later Poole; taught that the White Man was the devil whilst the Black race was divine. Poole would later teach that Blacks were Gods! Using White racism as an excuse to elevate Black racism [reverse racism against Whites]; Fard and later his disciple Poole would extol Islam as the liberation of the Black Man from the White God of Christianity.
Fard was murdered in 1934, some say by Poole. Poole now became Muhammad. How egos do grow. Under his guidance, and it must be admitted, his pseudo-brilliance; the movement of Moslem Blacks grew. As the growth of the cult transmogrified into hundreds of thousands of converts; so too did Poole's bank account accumulate. He became a millionaire. Proclaiming his blessings and perhaps assuaging his guilt; Poole declared Fard to be a god ! The money and power rolled in. Poole became an icon writing his 2 seminal works on Black Islam: 'The Supreme Wisdom' and 'The Message to the Black Man in America'. Blacks converted en masse.
Today we now have Poole's 'The Nation of Islam' holding many millions of Moslem Blacks within its membership; yet it is an overtly racist, supremacist, and intolerant group. The MSM never investigates this group. Its website is ridiculously open about its racist theologies. Islam by itself is both racist and supremacist, a feat that the Nazis or National Socialists, also achieved. It is hard to accomplish.
Malcolm X left his Baptist heritage, joined Poole, journeyed to Mecca and to his horror recognized in both Islam and Poole's 'The Nation of Islam' in America, nothing but hate, rancor, Jihad, violence, racism and intolerance. He left the cult. For his apprehensions he was murdered by a gang of Poole's men on Feb. 22 1965.
Maybe the quackademics and the lamebrain media could pay as much attention to that day, when Malcolm X fell, as they do to Martin Luther King Junior. But of course this will never happen and Jewish moguls would be aghast.
Elijah Poole and the Moslem Nation of Islam. The nature of both speak for themselves. Both confirm the racist, supremacist intent of Islam; and its incomprehensible stupidity.
Source: Professor Akridge, a Black American who studied the Poole movement.
Well over a century ago, in a debate over budget items, Churchill famously backtracked by calling the issue at hand, and its rather obvious mistake; a 'terminological inexactitude'. The last word is not even a word, but it denotes the obfuscation of the issue at hand. The premise of so much modern political bafflegab: 'We don't know really know, simply because a word can mean anything'...Lawyers are good with such verbiage, as are politicians desperate to keep their family business and guaranteed fortunes alive.
With Islam the same nonsense applies. 1600 verses of hate speech, violence and intolerance toward non Moslems exists in Mein Koran. Yet the brain dead Moslem and his apologist declare 'translational inexactitudes'. There are no mis-translations. The Koran in all its violent gibberish has been translated into Western tongues since the 10th century or even earlier. Mein Koran is simply Mein Koran. No 'problems' with churning Arabic to whatever language exist. Islam or submission is Jihadic, violent, aggressive, misogynist, racist, supremacist, stupid, incoherent, and ridiculous; no matter how hard you try to make it come out the opposite.
We should also add the poverty of the Moslem – Arabic [Islam is simply Arab imperialism]; translation of the Bible. Given that Mein Koran is 'superior' to the Bible, it is obvious, and stands to reason, that Moslems had little incentive to translate into their vernacular imperial language [Arabic] a true rendering of the Bible. Throughout history this arrogant, ignorant indifference by Moslems toward the Bible has manifested itself. Indeed, the Bible though inanely plagiarized and corrupted with in Mein Koran, was never given a tithe of study or investigation within Islam until modern times. No thorough and accurate copy of the Bible was made by Moslems until the 20th century.
However, the Western mind, alert, curious, practical, reasonable, coherent, did for 1000 years translate Mein Koran and in the modern era. Consider just the translations of Mein Koran to English. We have:
-George Sale's translation in 1734
-Khan, Moslem translation into English, 1905
-Hairat, Moslem translation into English, 1919
-Pickthal a converted English Moslem, 1930
-Yusuf Ali, Moslem translation into English, 1934
Yusuf Ali's 1934 translation is the most famous, used and copied. However, the reader must know that Ali is a Moslem apologist, and he changes some verses to make the Quran look more benign. Ali also numbered the verses, which never appear in any of the ancient Koranic 'originals' [there are many Korans not just one]. I use the Ali Koran to produce the hate speech verses, so even Islam's greatest apologist, cannot cleanse what the book really states.
In some ways Ali serves a purpose. He is so obsessed with justifying his cult that he only proves its fascistic theology. His lies, adumbration, footnotes, additions and exaggerations are a raised flag to any objective seeker of truth about Islam. If Ali needs to amend, erase, or fabricate, what does that really say about his cult? When a cult lies, the answer is obvious. It is not what it purports to be. Islam is Islam. Mein Koran is Mein Koran. Jihad is Jihad. Yes Veronica or Aisha, Nazism was Nazism. Poor Ali, he must have known. But like most Moslems he was too blind and ignorant to care.
Mohammed and his followers were warriors, brigands, untutored Bedouin, illiterate pillagers. They were false preachers who created a pagan cult in which existing cult practices, rituals, and social mores [mostly barbaric] were fused with state power. Islam does not have the golden rule; the ten commandments; the idea of private property [everything according to Mein Koran is the property of the Allah cult]; concepts of individuality; injunctions about personal responsibility and obligations; nor any of the ethics we find in the parables; the psalms or in the book of Matthew – one of the seminal books on philosophical meditation ever devised.
Even the concept of God is different between the two 'faiths'. Muslim activists in the West have been illegitimately claiming that they worship the same God as Christians, in order to gain legitimacy and media-cultural acceptance. This is of course a lie. Muslims will even use 'God' in place of Allah in many translations of the Mein Koran. Al-lah's antecedents have nothing in common with Jewish theology, or the Old Testament monotheism, which the Jews developed in an area of the world, including Arabia, which practiced pan-theism and were sun, moon, or earth cults. Allah worship is a moon cult.
Yet the dogma is being taught that Islam means peace. Up is down. 1+2 =globaloneywarming.
Out of 191 countries, Christians are being persecuted in over 130. The top Christian-persecuting states are all Moslem, with the exception of atheist North Korea which is in the process of killing 70.000 Christians. That will never make the MSM headlines.
This Moslem and Atheist Jihad against Christinaity is a world-wide phenomenon. Atheism is a world view and theology. Nothing created everything. Morality does not exist. Might makes right. Pond scum became you. No free will, and no self-determination. All is chaos and bouncing molecules. This deformed theology informed and developed the Nazi cult who were in the main, ardent Evolutionists. Islam has similar pretensions as Nazism, and makes different but related demands. In the name of the moon deity and Muhammad, who are inseparably linked; Moslems must kill those who leave, fight against, or deny the cult and its doctrines contained in Mein Koran. Both are dialectical. Both preach they will conquer the world. Both are racist. Both are pagan. Both are by definition inherently fascist.
The attacks against Christianity today and in the past 100 years; are more virulent, bloody, barbaric and industrialized, than at any other time in Church history. 200 million Christians, today right now, are being attacked, or are under the threat of Jihadic violence, aggression or at the very least social and community intolerance. This is 10% of the total number of Christians in the world. Imagine the lamebrain media if 10% of Moslems were likewise threatened. Consider the endless UN confabs, and state propaganda about helping Moslem 'brothers'. Nary a word from the Western elite about the faithocide of Christians.
Consider the following:
The big concerns in the West are about Gay-Trans propaganda being taught to children; plant food causing weather; more printing and spending, and reality TV. A true dark age. Few care about Christians or their very own culture and fate.
It is rather curious that Muhammad, who raped, killed, tortured, murdered, had 15-24 wives and concubines [only the quantity not the act of misogyny is in doubt]; who waged Jihadic war to spread his totalitarianism, is considered a prophet. Christians who had refused to follow the illiterate Arab adventurer, and who had in part, fought with the Quraysh against the Muslims were condemned by Allah to suffer torture, death, enslavement and eternal damnation. Allah the moon deity Baal or Hu'Baal of Mecca, is of course a pseudonym for Muhammad within the pages of Mein Koran.
According to Muhammad-Allah, the Christians with their Trinity worship, are polytheists, wayward, greedy, linked with Satan and never to be trusted. Within Mein Koran polytheism is to be punished by death. Muhammad had a grudging respect for Monks and Nuns, but since they would not follow his Sharia or path, they were just another group of criminals and antagonists.
“Fight against the Christian and Jews until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low into humiliation.” [9:29]
“...monks devour the wealth of mankind wantonly and debar men from the way of Allah...” [9:34]
“There will be painful doom to the rich and greedy Christian monks.” [9:34]
“Jews and Christians believe in idols and false deities.” [4:51]
“Jews and Christians are losers.” [5:53]
“Christians are wrong about the Trinity. For that, they will have a painful doom.” [5:57]
“Do not take Jews or Christians for friends. If you do, Allah will consider you to be one of them.” [5:51]
“Christians and Jews are perverts. Allah himself fights against them.” [9:30]
“Jews and Christians are evil transgressors.” [5:59]
“Christians and Jews must believe what Allah has revealed to Muhammed; if not, Allah will turn them into apes, as He did to the Sabbath-breakers.” [4:47]
Fight, kill, hate the Christian. Pope Frank would say this proves Moslems love their Christian 'brothers'.
Muhammad seems to have learned most of his garbled and quite insane monotheistic theology from Nestorians and monks, at least in part. He would have encountered them on his travels to Syria on caravan business, before he turned to looting and pillaging caravans to sustain his Jihad. After the Christians mocked and rejected Muhammad, recognizing his insanity, they became cursed by the moon deity. Having failed to recognize Mohammed to be a prophet, the Christians would be punished and eternally damned.
Perverts, losers, apes, greedy, and engaging in false worship, the followers of Christ had to be supplanted by the 'purity' of Islam. To big brains such supremacist raving is deemed 'religious' and tolerant.
Any who understand the 'real' Islam, meaning that Islam is indeed Islam, have no interest in the political and Marxist faineants who descry ISIS savagery stating that Islamic state is not Islamic, nor a state. Or, the witless worms who ardently believe that Islam is peace and love when 1400 years of Jihad have proved the opposite.
In this vein we can state that Pope Frank is one of the worst Popes in modern history. Dedicated to the non-science of warming and evolution, and excruciatingly ignorant about the Meccan moon cult named Submission, which has as one of its overriding objectives, the complete eradication of Christianity.
Frank apparently does not care that over 15.000 Christians were murdered by Moslems in 2014 alone. We should not forget the rapes and sex trafficking of young Christian girls. No one cares. The world yawns. Reality TV beckons.
Below is an excerpt from an excellent article criticizing Pope Frank, the Latino Relativist and cultural Marxist.
Raymond Ibrahim, questioning where is the Pope's emotional encyclical about Moslems mudering, crucifying, drowning, beheading, raping and exiling Christians ?
“Pope Francis recently released a new encyclical. Portions of it deal with environmentalism, global warming, and climate change.....
In these days how many Stephens [early Christian martyred in Book of Acts] there are in the world! Let us think of our brothers whose throats were slit on the beach in Libya [by the Islamic State]; let’s think of the young boy who was burnt alive by his [Pakistani Muslim] companions because he was a Christian; let us think of those migrants thrown from their boat into the open sea by other [African Muslim] migrants because they were Christians; let us think – just the day before yesterday – of those Ethiopians assassinated because they were Christians… and of many others. Many others of whom we do not even know and who are suffering in jails because they are Christians… The Church today is a Church of martyrs: they suffer, they give their lives and we receive the blessing of God for their witness.
Christians are slaughtered, sold into sex slavery and have their churches pulled down by the Meccan moon cult. The Pope obsesses about plant food and Marxism.
Pierre Duhem (1861–1916) was a French physicist and historian of science. He understood that all of chemistry and physics, including mechanics, electricity, and magnetism, could be understood from thermodynamic first principles [matter and energy]. These proofs are by the way, rejected by evolution – a theory which is bio-chemically and physically impossible. Duhem's works are also and most importantly, amongst the earliest which tell the true history of medieval affairs – one detached from the bigotry, the nonsense, the lies, and the propaganda emanating from the 'enlightenment', and from cultural Marxist theology.
Duhem apostatized from various cults now deemed 'progressive'. Ergo he is not taught. Duhem believed that the basis of modernity rests solely and squarely, within the medieval era, not from the 'enlightenment' or the magically-initiated scientific revolution of the 17th century [whose main scientists were Christian], which simply continued what came before it, and which certainly did not arise from nothing.
Consider for a matter Duhem's heretical position on Galileo. Duhem presented Galilean theory as a continuous development out of medieval experimentation. Of course this is true – unless you are a committed Atheist, anti-deist or a-historian. Duhem traces the late medieval theory of impetus, back to John Philoponus' criticism of Aristotle and to mature calibrations made in the fourteenth century works of John Buridan and Nicole Oresme:
“The role that impetus played in Buridan's dynamics is exactly the one that Galileo attributed to impeto or momento, Descartes to ‘quantity of motion,’ and Leibniz finally to vis viva. So exact is this correspondence that, in order to exhibit Galileo's dynamics, Torricelli, in his Lezioni accademiche, often took up Buridan's reasons and almost his exact words” (1917, 163–62; 1996, 194).
In other words, Galileo, who copied Copernicus' theory of heliocentricity, but could never prove the math [he famously thought that tidal patterns confirmed heliocentricity, whoops]; purloined much of his motion-dynamics from the 1300s.
Duhem then sketched the extension of impetus theory from terrestrial dynamics to the motions of the heavens and earth:
“Nicole Oresme attributed to the earth a natural impetus similar to the one Buridan attributed to the celestial orbs. In order to account for the vertical fall of weights, he allowed that one must compose this impetus by which the mobile rotates around the earth with the impetus engendered by weight. The principle he distinctly formulated was only obscurely indicated by Copernicus and merely repeated by Giordano Bruno. Galileo used geometry to derive the consequences of that principle, but without correcting the incorrect form of the law of inertia implied in it.” (1917, 166; 1996, 196.)
Galileo borrowed much from his predecessors – without sourcing these findings, nor without attributing and acknowledging them as the inventors of the theorems. This is called plagiarism. To be fair, plagiarism was not considered illegal or immoral in the medieval period. But let's dispense with the inane notion that Galileo was fighting against the darkness of ignorance and superstition. He himself offered very little in mathematical proof to support heliocentricity. That was left to another Christian – Kepler.
Gerbert of Aurillac, was Pope just before the year 1000. Unlike the current Pope who believes that plant food causes global devastation, or the philosophers Darwin, Hawking, Tyson, and other sundry cult members of Darwinism, Gerbert was a practitioner of real science, applying techniques that would not be out of place in our world, to resolve complex mathematical issues. As with Pope Gregory the Great, Gerbert puts lie to the myth, taught as fact [it is fiction], that 'all' Popes were sex-addled bandits, and the Church a zealous inquisitional institution, run by mafia, stifling science and asking poor heroes such as Galileo for proof to support their claims and research paid for with Church money [Galileo famously said that heliocentricity was proven by tidal movements, which are of course caused by the moon, a fact Jesuit astronomers had known about for 30 years. So much for his science].
Gerbert was educated in part at the Cathedral school of Chartres in the last part of the 10th century. This was basically a university, a system of education without compare in any other region in the world. Cathedral schools dominated Europe, providing a higher education for those with means and for monks and the clergy. Many rich sent their sons into these monastic schools to enrich and improve their minds and skills. Book learning, philosophy, math, translations, great art embedded in manuscripts, along with farming, brewing, manufacture and pharmaceutical innovation, can be found within these schools. Here Gerbert was trained.
His personal interest was in mathematics. He helped pioneer the use of the '0', and the replacement of the cumbersome and rather nonsensical Roman numerals, which could not be used to devise higher mathematics and which impeded scientific formulation. He translated and interpreted Euclid and Greek geometry and describes how the Greek Alexandrians discovered laws of geometry because it had a practical usage in measuring fields. He wrote important treatises on the abacus, a simpler and more effective system of counting notation than that employed by the Romans and also on the astrolabe a device first invented by the Greeks in the 6th century BC and later improved upon in Christian Byzantine, but still not widely used in the West by the 10th century. He also appeared to have a talent and extraordinary comprehension of music, writing about musical notation and compositions. Given the enormous volumes of manuscripts he collected, it is clear that he was an inquisitive and widely read man.
There are many myths about Pope Sylvester II and in times past many stories or legends have been attached to his name. But the real man is impressive enough. Unlike today's current Pope Sylvester knew about math, science and innovation. He formulated a dedication to learning, culture and curiosity which so exemplifies the medieval Church and Christendom. Culture is king, and a man like Gerbert, can only arise from a culture which itself is open to real science, intelligence and improvement.
The monk and Pope, Saint Gregory the Great, who died in 604 AD, was one of the more remarkable men in European history. In fact it is not an understatement that Gregory in many ways, inaugurated the true beginning of Western Civilisation. It was under Gregory's leadership that the Church began the long project of restoration within Europe; once the Roman empire, corrupt and rotten, disintegrated and became subsumed into 3 Germanic kingdoms. Without the Church and its active involvement in providing leadership during 2 centuries of change and reconstitution; society might well have slid into a dark age. It didn't and the Church is responsible for that.
Gregory is always portrayed as someone who was not an 'intellectual' [a word that a smart man would find insulting anyways]; or not a deep philosopher [ibid]. This is a positive. He was a monk and a man of the world – practical, realistic, sober, faithful, active, incisive, detailed. Yet in spite of illness, travails, duties and sundry activities, he possessed the skills to complete Augustine's theoretical Christianization of Plato, and give it to the public in a series of writings they could comprehend. Thus the ancient world became a part of the new.
Gregory's other achievements include:
-Author of 850 letters, preserved in 14 books on a wide range of topics from the theological to the secular.
-Gregory sent out Church aid, food, money and support throughout southern Italy, Sicily, Africa, France and Illyricum supporting and indeed saving Christendom in those areas.
He was an active, intelligent, committed, honest man of great faith, practicality, reason and common sense intellect. He is certainly one of the founding fathers of the basis of modern European civilisation.
More detail can be found at: http://catholicism.org/gregory-great.html
Gregory the Great [circa 540 AD to 604], was one of the most dynamic men of the Middle Ages. Elected to the Papal office in 590 AD, it was Gregory who largely took the remnants of Roman civilization and its citizenry and during a time of tumult and change; assumed responsibility for the social and moral welfare of the Christian state. This practical management of society during difficult times was important in the development of a mixture of ecclesiastical and state power under the auspices of Rome.
However, as with most 'enlightenment' dogma, the Church never did take over the 'state'. The state however, did indeed take over the Church, or at the very least, directed its prestige towards secular objectives. We see this beginning with the reign of Charlemagne and proceeding down through the Ottonians in the 11th century; the French and Spanish from 1300-1500; and the rich Italian aristocracy including the Medicis from 1400-1650. By the late Middle Ages, Popes, Bishoprics and Diocesans were bought and sold by secular powers, entirely for political purposes.
Rome did not fall, it was taken over and transformed into Germanic kingdoms. There was no 'fall' of civilization into insufferably dense darkness. The Roman civilization was in many ways a deterrent to the improvement of man, life and society. Technology, the arts, innovation, all suffered, as did the 90% of Romans who were impoverished or enslaved.
What Gregory and others within the Church had to do, was to pick up the relevant pieces of the Roman world, and merge them with a new social order premised around the only authority left to manage the transformation; namely, the Church. In Roman cities every aspect of life, from water provision to welfare and education, now fell under the rubric of the organized and responsive Church. Without the Church, there would have indeed been a lot more chaos, death, and suffering post the decline of the rotted Roman empire.
Gregory was in many ways the savior of social and civilizational order. The Papacy repaired, invested, and improved upon the existing infrastructure left by the Romans. There was never a descent into barbarity. What is dark is our inability to read through the thousands of tonnes of documents in Latin, which are available, and which describe the various works, efforts and attempts to recreate a new and better social order. Indeed there is little doubt that the Lombardian and Visigothic Kingdoms were richer, better organized and more literate than the Roman. In the case of the latter, it proved to be a magnet for the Moslem Jihad. Apparently Jihad is more attracted to wealth, coin and beauty.
Gregory's main intellectual achievement was to bring Augustinian theology to the masses. He wrote and expounded on Augustine's early 5th century theology which was Platonist in its construction. Thus we have the merging into Christianity of Plato's doctrines around the soul, eternal life, the dichotomy of the body and soul; and the moral life. St. Thomas Aquinas Christianized Aristotle. Augustine and Gregory Christianized Plato. There was therefore, no conflict whatsoever between Christianity and the ancient pagan Philosophers.
See also C. Straw, 'Gregory the Great', Berkeley 1988.
Sura 15 is particularly notable for its confused banality [reviewed here]. It is another expression of intolerance to Jews [and by extension later to Christians] who rejected Islam and decided to hide in the 'Rocky Tract' and the forests, avoiding Moslems and the Muhammad cult. Christians are as wayward, despised, and hated as the Jew in Mein Koran. Sura 15 simply reiterates this animus against those who do not follow the Sharia-Muhammadan code. Over 1/3 of the chapter is hate speech, a fact lost on Islam's Western supporters and cult members.
Sura 15's violence can be viewed here, including:
Christians and Jews are always linked within Mein Koran, to Satan, to greed, to stupidity, to insufferable arrogance and stubbornness. In the case of Christians they are 'criminals' or Mujrimum. They are not to be trusted and only to be marginalized, conquered and destroyed.
Westidiots [Western idiots] will complain that the hate speech is 'taken out of context'. Wrong. The hate speech is pulled directly from Mein Koran and 1600 verses of hate speech in total, is rather hard to invent. Instead it is the Westidiots who pull sentence fragments such as 2:256 'let there be no compulsion in religion', which is part of one of the most intolerant, violent and supremacist odes in man's written history. Sura 2:256 is debunked here.
The Dark Ages of course never existed. Except in the fetid minds of Christian – haters and those opposed to the Church. Voltaire, Gibbon et al never created, built or manufactured a single item. Yet they are declared by their cult members as the intelligent ubermensch, bringing classical thought and light, back to a world rotted with the sick decayed corpus of a corrupt Church....the opposite is true of course.
Fat men in periwigs, strutting around in their diffident ignorance offered very little of value to the world, even in their domain of metaphysics.
Science did not suddenly 'evolve' by magic random chance in the 17th C. Newton and other Catholics did not spring out of the dirty, muddy ground and pronounce rootless, detached theorems ad novo. 2000 or more years of patient discovery, including the foundations of modern math and science long pre-date Newton, the Galileo myth, or the Atheist legends that only the godless discover 'truth'. Globaloneywarming and the fraud of Evolution are the results of such nonsense.
The Enlightenment, an English perversion of a word which once had meaning, was in reality an endless Protestant attack on the Church. It was not elevated, scientific or rational in many ways. This era resurrected abiogenesis, witch burnings, and historical revisionism. Men who wore eye glasses – a 13th c. Innovation – could find no value in what preceded them. Blindness finds many forms. In the name of the 'Enlightenment' thousands of properties across Europe were torn down, treasures looted, stolen and defaced; priceless artifacts cut down; thousands killed and in the name of politics and hunger for money, sundry wars created.
The unenlightened Enlightenment gave us the following:
-The free-will denying theologies of Luther and Calvin. No free will, no freedom, no markets, no civilization.
-The promotion of predestination, meaning that nothing you do in this life matters. This moral rot has seeped deep into the foundations of civilization.
-Rousseau, counter-rationalism, naturalism and the myth of the noble savage. This pagan theology that 'nature' in and of itself is superior, and that man is not the master but the slave of nature, is such childish nonsense and philosophical poison.
-Anti-science theologies ranging from Evolution and abiogenesis, to 'long ages of the earth', extraterrestrial life forms and a resurgence in astrology and magic.
-Phlogiston was declared to be the base element of the cell. It was disproven in 1774 by Lavoisier, but zealously promoted by 'scientists' during the 18th century.
-In the 19th century, Darwin, who never performed a single experiment to support algae to human evolution; accepted, along with most 'scientists'; that the single cell was a simple globule akin to jelly.
-The Enlightenment tore apart Europe and granted us the French Revolution and Napoleon, one of the greatest butchers and worst autocrats in history, whose bloody career killed millions, destroyed wealth and property and held back European development by at least 2 generations. The state was uber alles. The wise dictator an Enlightenment hero. See Fredrick the 'Great'.
-Marxism, Darwinism, Socialism, Communism, Nazism, and theological philosophies supporting the same ranging from the sick prostitute worshiping Nietzsche, to Lenin, Heidigger and the Frankfurt post-modern schools of the 1930s and 40s [cultural Marxism which is so rampant today]. All of these 'dialectical' theologies are irrational and immoral, but were sold based on their 'science'.
-Atheism, a theology of the unscientific and immoral which in the guise of Nazism and Communism murdered 150 million people.
-Flat earth societies which never existed in the Middle Ages [no one from the time of Christ thought that the earth was flat]; appear in the 19th century all over the developing world. 'Science' was used to prove [via sight lines usually along 'flat' bodies of water]; that the earth's curvature was a fiction.
-Historical rewriting and ignorance. Voltaire and friends could not explain the engineering masterpieces named 'Gothic Cathedrals' for example; nor did they know much if anything about what predated them.
Of course in today's perverted, distorted world, if you criticize the Un-Enlightenment era, you are 'anti-rational'. As usual with these people the opposite of what they state is the truth. Yes one can highlight achievements – sundry and many – during the era 1650 to 1800. But they have precious little to do with 'Enlightenment thought', and more to do with individuals creating, innovating and getting on with life. One can say with historical veracity, that the achievements from 1650 to 1800 were smaller in comparison to what preceded that era; and were accomplished in spite of the decline in culture and reason.
Mein Koran plagiarizes Jewish and Christian texts – usually incorrectly – then makes the inane, absurd, counter-factual and quite demented claim, that the Jews and Christians perverted the 'original' scripture of Baal the Lord or ilah of Mecca. Due to this, they are criminals, polytheists and evil, doomed for destruction. The most complete 'history' of why Mein Koran precedes what it plagiarizes namely the Old Testament, is found in Sura 14. This madness is of course supported by Western quackademics and politicians who declare such irrationality, the height of historical and religious observation.
Sura 14 contains only 13 verses of hate speech. The cult of the multi-culti twitters that this is a moderate amount. Examples of Mein Koran and Moslem 'tolerance' include:
Because the Jews have rejected the 'true path' of Allah, and because the Jewish sect called Christianity practices polytheism in the form of the Holy Trinity, they must be attacked, reduced, humiliated and controlled by Moslems in this world; and given an eternity of torment by Allah in the next. Note that words such as 'disbelievers', 'criminals', 'wrong-doers', 'arrogant', 'astray', 'those who stray', 'greedy' etc. only apply to non-Moslems. Anyone who follows the cult is esteemed and worthy. Anyone who does not follow the cult must be fought against, striven against, attacked, and beaten and are certainly doomed by Allah in the next life to eternal torment.
What love, what tolerance. More stupidity from Mein Koran and Sura 14 is here.